The invention discloses an inclined drift personnel long-distance transportation system comprising hydraulic drive units, a traction chain, a truss, a supporting guide rail and a retractable pedal. The truss is formed through sequential connection of head portions and tail portions of a plurality of truss units, and each truss unit is provided with a hydraulic drive unit. The traction chain and the supporting guide rail are longitudinally arranged along the truss, and the hydraulic drive units are in transmission connection with the traction chain. The retractable pedal is disposed on the traction chain, and supporting idler wheels capable of rolling along the supporting guide rail of the supporting idler wheels are arranged on the retractable pedal. The transportation system has the advantages of being convenient to transport, high in supporting safety, capable of achieving long-distance even ultra-long distance transportation, and low in manufacture cost.