无磷纺织精练剂

Phosphorus-free textile scouring agent

Abstract

本发明涉及无磷纺织精练剂,解决现有无磷纺织精练剂的渗透性和润湿性差的问题,通过采用一种新的无磷纺织精练剂,以重量份计,包括如下组分:皂素,5~20份;脂肪醇醚,5~20份;阴离子表面活性剂,100份;其中,所述的脂肪醇醚具有如下式(I)所示的通式:R为C8~C18的烷基;[(PO)n/(EO)m]是由PO和EO构成的共聚链段,所述共聚链段中PO单元的个数n=2~5,所述共聚链段中EO单元的个数m=2~8,分子通式中分子末端具有的EO结构单元数为t=2~5的技术方案,较好地解决了该技术问题,可用于对棉、毛、麻、蚕丝以及合成纤维等各类纺织物的印染前处理工艺中。R-O-[(PO)n/(EO)m]-(EO)t-H  式(I)。
The invention relates to a phosphorus-free textile scouring agent, and solves the problem that the conventional phosphorus-free textile scouring agent has poor permeability and wettability. The novel phosphorus-free textile scouring agent comprises components in parts by weight as follows: 5-20 parts of saponin, 5-20 parts of fatty alcohol ether and 100 parts of an anionic surfactant, wherein the fatty alcohol ether has the general formula shown as the following formula (I): R-O-[(PO)n/(EO)m]-(EO)t-H, wherein R is C8-C18 alkyl; [(PO)n/(EO)m] is a copolymerized chain segment formed by PO and EO, the number n of PO units in the copolymerized chain segment ranges from 2 to 5, and the number m of EO units in the copolymerized chain segment ranges from 2 to 8, and the number t of EO structural units at the tail end of the molecule in the general molecular formula ranges from 2 to 5. With adoption of the technical scheme, the technical problem is better solved, and the phosphorus-free textile scouring agent can be applied to dyeing pretreatment processes for various textile fabric such as cotton, wool, linen, silk, synthetic fiber and the like.

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